Until recently, patients, clinicians, payers, and manufacturers lacked a reliable and timely way to get information on the performance of medical devices (such as stents and artificial joints) after they had been surgically implanted. Funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), The Program on Patient-Oriented Policy and Practice’s (PPOPP) UDI2Claims project looks at the feasibility of transmitting Unique Device Identifiers (UDIs) from clinical Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems to insurance claims. PPOPP partnered with Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts along with working groups representing multiple hospital departments and a wide spectrum of specialties and expertise. Together, they are designing and piloting a system that will reliably capture, analyze, and synthesize data from multiple sources to make the results available to stakeholders as well as researchers. This information will promote transparency for patients, allowing timely warning in case of an implant’s defect or failure, and support evaluations of device effectiveness.